John Marshall: A Biography (1755- 1835)

Early Life (1755- 1775)

A cabin, similar to the one John Marshall was born in, in Germantown, Virginia.

The Hollow, built by Thomas Marshall in 1764, one of the boyhood homes of John Marshall

         John Marshall was born on September 24, 1755, in a log cabin near Germantown, in Fauquier County, Virginia. Marshall would become the eldest of 15 children and grow up in the Virginia's northwestern frontier.  
   John Marshall's family had many connections. His father, Thomas Marshall was a friend of George Washington and was also elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses.  His mother, Mary Marshall, was a member of the prominent Randolph family and was  distantly related to another Founding Father, Thomas Jefferson. When Marshall began his career later in life, the connections would prove to be useful.                         
        During his early years, Marshall recieved almost no formal schooling. Instead, Marshall's father educated him at home. Thomas Marshall taught his son basic mathematics, history and Enlgish literature, a love of Marshall's. Even more importantly, he taught Marshall practical lessons about politics and kept him informed about the events of the time.


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